Ancient architecture of tamil nadu, india

South Indian temple

One of the finest example of ancient architecture in southern india.

Tamil or Dravidian architecture was a style of architecture that emerged thousands of years ago in the Southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India. It consists primarily of pyramid shaped temples called Kovils which are dependent on intricate carved stone in order to create a step design consisting of many statues of deities, warriors, kings, and dancers. The majority of the existing buildings are located in the Southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Various kingdoms and empires such as the Chalukyas, Chera, Cholas, Hoysalas,Rashtrakutas, Pallavas, Pandyan, and Vijayanagara Empire amongst many others have made a substantial contribution to the evolution of Dravidian architecture through the ages. Dravidian styled architecture can also be found in parts of Northeastern Sri Lanka, Maldives, and various parts of Southeast Asia.

The primary landmark of Srivilliputtur is 12-tiered tower structure dedicated to the Lord of Srivilliputtur, known as Vatapatrasayee. The tower of this temple rises 192 feet (59 m) high and is the official symbol of the Government of Tamil Nadu. It is said to have been built by Periyaazhvar, the father-in-law of the Lord, with a purse of gold that he won in debates held in the palace of Pandya King Vallabhadeva. The Government of Tamil Nadu uses this temple tower as part of its symbol.

Tamil nadu, Madurai second temple on South India Temple Tours is 2000-year-old Meenakshi Temple is situated in the city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati known here as Sundareswarar and Meenakshi, the temple s a masterpiece of Dravidian Temple Architecture. The original temple was built by Kulasekara Pandya but the real credit for making the temple as grand as it stands today goes to the Nayaks. The present temple was conceived in 1560 AD by Vishwanatha Nayak and subsequently built during the reign of Thirumalai Nayak.

Tanjore Brihadeeswara Temple is situated at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu. The temple was constructed under the patronage of the King Rajaraja Chola in the 10th century AD and designed by Sama Varma, the architect. The most unique feature of the temple is that no shadow of the temple is cast on the ground at any time of the year. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The inner wall of the sanctum is embellished with 108 different fascinating postures of Shiva. The temple is one of the finest contributions of the Chola .
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